Thursday, 25 April 2013

SPF - Cheat Sheet


Now that the sun is here I am asked more frequently about moisturisers with SPF - and which to use, when - and how much?

I have inadvertently given the impression on this blog that I don't use SPF - absolutely my fault for not being clear.

So to put the record straight: I have olive skin and have Native American Indian in my background. I tan easily, burn rarely and worship the sun. However, my Mother (much paler than me) has suffered with melanoma quite seriously so I have my skin checked under Woods Lamps and keep an eye on my moles. And I absolutely use SPF when sunbathing - and when in hot climates for work - I just don't use daily SPF in my skincare. 
In the winter I get my SPF from my make-up - and in the summer I get SPF from a specific SPF product. I.E. a dedicated sunscreen that gives both UVA and UVB protection. UVC doesn't penetrate that atmosphere so we don't need to worry on that score. 

My problem with SPF in moisturisers is two-fold: 
  1. It gives you a false sense of security. In the 1920's the incidences of melanoma - with no SPF available - were around 1 in 1500. In 2013 they are 1 in 53 - with years of SPF being available and modern science - 1 in 53. Why? Because we apply it once and move on, thinking we're done.
    If you use a moisturiser containing SPF 15 (for example) at 8am in the morning - assuming you apply it all over your face (most people leave out areas of their face when moisturising) - if you would normally burn in 15 minutes of sun exposure, technically you should be reapplying your SPF at 11.45am. How are you going to do that without removing your full face of makeup? I know no-one that takes their makeup off halfway through the day to reapply sunscreen.
    And if you are sunbathing - to use the recommended amount - you would need to use a bottle of SPF a DAY. A DAY. 
    If you apply your SPF moisturiser religiously every day and think you are protected - you may not be.
  2. A moisturiser containing SPF invariably only protects from UVB - it does not protect you from UVA. So you won't burn, but your collagen will break down and you'll still get wrinkles. Excellent. Also - SPF moisturisers are less likely to be rub-resistant or water-resistant. So if you apply your makeup with fingers or a brush (everyone) or perspire/sweat - it's gone.
If you want proper protection from the sun you need to use a broad spectrum sun protectant cream - a dedicated product that's sole purpose is to protect your skin from the damage the sun does to it. 

Honestly? Companies that add SPF to their general 'anti-ageing' moisturisers are throwing it in there as an 'added benefit' and a sales tool. Sun protection is not an 'added benefit'. It's a critical, proven step to protect from ageing.

The EU is on to this and making sweeping changes from this July. The symbol above can only be shown on packaging of a product that has proven to provide at least a third of its protection against UVA. Not just UVB.

In terms of routine?
  • cleanse
  • tone
  • serum (if you use)
  • moisturiser (non-spf!)
  • SPF product
  • makeup

The EU has also reclassified sun protection ratings:
  • Low = 6-14 (God knows what they would call my old preferred SPF 4 oil of the 80's)
  • Medium = 15-29
  • High = 30-50
  • Very high = 50+

If you are fair, white, 'pale' - you should be in the 'High' category. 
If you are any type of ethnicity that tans easily and rarely burns you can use low-medium as long as you use it wisely. 
If you are a redhead however you are strictly in the 'Very high' category. Redheads with freckles have phaeomelanin - opposed to the rest of us that have eumelanin. You'll burn easily, quickly and the damage will be long-lasting. 
If you use an SPF in the low-medium category you will still tan. 
If you don't want any colour at all you need to use 30 and above and reapply frequently.

N.B. - SPF degrades. Buy new each year. 

When I use Woods Lamps or similar technology on clients the main areas that nearly always show damage are the tops of the ears (ALWAYS the top of the ears), the back of the neck and the tip of the nose. Forewarned is forearmed.

Enjoy the sun. I LOVE the sun. Just protect yourself.




117 comments:

  1. Any recommendations? What do you think of powder SPF that you can reapply? Is it as effective?

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    1. Lots of recommendations coming up - and no. Sorry.

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    2. You can't guarantee that you cover all areas. And you don't apply it over your entire face.

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  2. Amen! I would also add: depending where you live, keep an eye on the UV index. I'm olive skinned and I tan. Rarely burn. But I use 50+ if I'm back home and not in the UK, even if I'm just going to work because when it's 40C with a UV index of 10, well you need it! If I'm working outdoors for extended periods (my line of work), then it's v high SPF, applied frequently and applied everywhere. Sunbathing on holiday is one thing, living under the burning sun is another matter:) Oh and btw, with a factor 50+ when on home territory? I still turn a deep shade of brown.

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    1. Thank you! Very helpful indeed! :) Where do you live? I'm moving there.

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  3. You know, I was thinking about this yesterday- literally. I find the whole thing a minefield. I was thinking about how (glycolic) peels make your skin more likely to burn and what I should apply daily to counteract that. Low and behold the Hirons reads my mind and writes on SPFs.

    I generally find that some are greasy and dont sink in well.. and my skin is oily combo.. which can make me look like a melted wax work if I put sun care on oily skin. I'm searching for the perfect product. (Perfect being non-residue and cheap) but skin is something to invest in :)
    Thanks Mrs Hirons. Great article as always xx

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    1. There are lots of lovely ones out or coming out. Reviews coming! :)

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  4. Wow! This is amazing information thanks. I was not sure if I was doing the right thing in the morning - cleanse, antioxidant, pepta-bright, hydralon (when I feel I need it)moisturise, sun protection (Spf50) & make up! Is this over load on my skin? Also if I am using my usual spf. am I liable to take it off while applying my foundation(also contains spf 15)& will I be protected all day. It's a great broad protection sunblock (epionce)I am so unsure about the protection side of things when applying at 8am. Thanks if you have time to answer. :)

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    1. I wouldn't worry about rubbing it off its a broad spectrum spf - they are quite tough. Technically if its a 50 you are covered for up to 50 times longer than you would normally burn. How long do you take to burn?

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    2. I am very pale, burn v easily. I never tan. :)

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  5. Brilliant, I was just thinking about this today. What is your view on primers with spf?

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  6. such a great post... I've been researching SPF all day. I'm thinking of getting this origins one http://www.origins.co.uk/product/4821/16063/Skincare/Category/Sun-protection/A-Perfect-World/SPF35-UV-Face-Protector-with-White-Tea/index.tmpl just wondering if it gets your approval? :) x

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    1. It doesn't have the UVA circle so the protection is probably less than 13.5 SPF against ageing.

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  7. I have a Clarins SPF30 and its really great, not greasy at all and just a pleasure to use :)

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    1. Hi , do you use this daily as your moisturiser, or on top of moisturiser? thanks (and what's it called?)

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    2. Hi, I use it on top of my moisturizer, Its the Clarins Sun Wrinkle Control Cream for Face with SPF30, they do SPF15 as well :)

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    3. i have tried other spf creams with light texture and find that the clarins one is the only one leaving no white cast when applied. i use the 30 version, ca 26 eur, affordable and small enough to put in a handbag.

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    4. SkinCeuticals do a really great SPF as well :)

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    5. I like Clarins SPF. They are a good one. Haven't used Skinceuticals one but they are a good brand.

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  8. Personally, I absolutely adore La Roche Posay SPF 45 fluid. Kiehls has a similar at SPF 50. As for reapplication, I will dust with Peter Thomas Roth SPF 45 mineral powder throughout the day. While I agree that a powder is not as good, it's better than nothing and allows me to reapply without interfering with my makeup.

    I love your blog, Caroline!

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  9. I remember you saying that you have to double cleanse when wearing SPF. I have Alpha H Balancing Cleanser and EH Balm.. What order do I use them in if double cleansing? And do you use a flannel after each wash? I'm trying to start using flannels (from Merumaya) but they seem to set my face on fire.

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    1. The flannel won't be setting your face on fire - it'll be the action of the cleanser WITH the cleanser. the Alpha one is the stronger of those two. I would try double cleansing with a balm cleanser.

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    2. I so appreciate your reply! I have definitely noticed my face only gets inflamed after second cleanse with Alpha.. I will get back on the flannels immediately. Thanks!

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  10. Thanks for this Caroline.
    I bought some Alpha H Daily Essential Moisturiser SPF50 to see me through a holiday last August, will it still be effective this summer? I never know how long suncreams stay 'active' for. Thanks X

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    1. No. Buy new each year. SPF degrades. Good point actually - I'll add that to the post.

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    2. Darn it - but thanks for letting me know. I'm going to Devon soon - fingers crossed a few hours on the beach each day (don't laugh) Would the Clinique city block be suitable? x

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  11. I heard that you put chemical sunscreen on BEFORE moisturiser and physical sunblock on AFTER moisturiser??? Anyone know if this is true?

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    1. That's advice from when brands only made one or another type. Broad Spectrum is both. Put it on after moisturiser.

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  12. Thanks for this post, Caroline! I have skin just like yours and do exactly the same with SPF as you do. SPF20 during winter and higher than that purely because of where I live in summer. Looking forward to recommendations - I struggle enough with oily skin as it is without having a greasy sunscreen leaving me with a white cast on my face to reckon with :)

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  14. Great post and so helpful! I'm a redhead and had no idea about pheomelanin! My dermatologist just put me on a nighttime retinoid and stressed the importance of using a high spf of at least 30, preferably 45. I'm using this SkinCeuticals Physical Fusion UV Defense SPF 50 http://www.skinceuticals.com/_us/_en/category/physical-fusion-uv-defense-spf-50.htm, it has an universal tint and it blends in pretty well. Thankfully it doesn't have any tint of orange in it at all, it's more of beige color with some grey in it. So far I'm impressed with it.

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    1. Its a mineral SPF - and if you are a redhead on retinoids I would shoot your derm and buy a 50. Now.

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  15. Hi what's your opioion on missing out my moisturiser in the morning & use just a broad spectrum high sun protection in it's place. I would still use my serums just miss out my moisturiser. I don't want to overload my skin. I am 40 so anti-aging is my main concern. Or would you recommend that it better to use a moisturiser as well as the sun protection. I agree with you in the way I never use a moisturiser with spf, hate them. This is a hugely important topic, thank you for posting.

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    1. If you are 40 and concerned with anti-ageing you need your moisturiser. SPF does something different.
      Think of your moisturiser as your coat. SPF is your umbrella.
      If you leave out your moisturiser its like going out in a hailstorm in a t-shirt and skirt with an umbrella. It will get on you. :)

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    2. That is a fab explaination! I love it. Thank you. Can I just pester you one more time though and ask if, my moisturiser has silicones in it & my sun protection and my foundation is this ok? I think my night time moisturiser does too :)

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  16. Waiting for your reviews! Mine is running out now. Love your blog caroline!

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    1. So you think as tinted moisturizer will not work well at blocking UVA rays?

      I use organic avocado oil as my moisturizer, but I want to try this 100% Pure Tinted Moisturizer, to be my new foundation, that I would apply a few minutes AFTER my normal avocado oil. Lately my skin has been dry and so I want to go from my MD Solar Sciences Tinted Sunscreen to this 100% Pure Tinted Moisturizer, so it would be more like a makeup than a moisturizer, but it would also help my skin as the ingredients are excellent. You said you like SPF in makeup so I'm not sure if this is considered makeup or a moisturizer ...

      SORRY, this is kind of long and confusing but hopefully you will be able to comprehend this with a good reply (:

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  17. Somewhat unrelated but in the same vein: SPF in foundations/tinted moisturisers. Currently searching for either that doesn't contain SPF and isn't ridiculously full coverage. It's proving harder than I originally thought! Any recommendations? x

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    1. i use sisley phyto teint eclat in ivory, 5 shades to choose from. best to use with a taklon brush for a thin layer. try it ou before buying as it is heavier perfumed than other foundations.

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    2. Giorgio Armani luminous silk is amazing. Build able, semi matte but still radiant and long wearing with no SPF xx

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    3. Hi Boscy,

      Tons of foundations available without SPF - NARS, Laura Mercier, Armani. Hit a department store website and have a nosy. :)

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  18. I've just recently started using Kiehl's Ultra Light Daily Moisturiser SPF50 under my Bobbi Brown Tinter Moisturiser SPF 15, and it is great. I thoroughly recommend it to everyone. I have quite oily skin and thought it would be too much but it really isn't. I've been out for a good few hours in the sun this week and not even a new freckle has appeared on my face when usually a few would show up.

    Great post by the way.

    Thanks

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  19. Great to hear your thoughts on this Caroline... look forward to your recommendations.

    Nic x

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    1. I'm trying to get them out! Blummin too busy with work! :)

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  20. Great post! I burn really easy, so have invested in some high protection Ultrasun this year, haven't had a chance to use it yet though! :)

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  21. This has come at the perfect time, just broke out big time from Origins spf moisturise, not pretty at all and literally been doing research into chemical and physical sunscreens. Think I am going to try a physical sunscreen, like clinique city block...have you tried this or would you recommend another. I have dehydrated, combination, acne prone skin (lucky me?!)

    Thanks, Jo x

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    1. hey - my skin (which is much like yours in type) usually HATES suncreens but so far I've had good luck with Supergoop City - no breakouts attributable so far.

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    2. I like Clinique - they are the next reviews. :)

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    3. just reading all the replies since caroline has tweeted about it.
      oh dear, I think I don't know the difference between chemical and physical sunscreen.
      would love a little explanation if you have the time in a post in the near future :)
      thank you x

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    4. Excited to hear you'll be reviewing Clinique SPF. :)

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  22. New Estee Lauder SPF 50 Daywear Multi UV defense out now. Smells Lush too! :)

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    1. yep - review coming on that too.

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    2. I can't find that review, is it yet to be written?? Very tempted to buy it even though the price is a bit off-putting...

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  23. Great post Caroline. I suffer from pigmentation on the centre of my forehead, either side of my nose and upper lip (I look like I always have a tash!). I'm not much of a sun worshiper and always try to use a dedicated SPF, usually 50, along side a product that 'helps, to fade the marks but now the sun is coming out again I can see the marks getting darker. Can you reccommend any reasonably priced products that work? I'm struggling and it does get to me and makes me rather paranoid. thanks in advance, Catherine.

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    1. pepta-bright, moisturiser, then an SPF 50 on those areas. Go for broad spectrum SPF50 - any.

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    2. Thanks so much for taking the time to reply. Really appreciate it! Off to Boots I go :)

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  24. Thank you so much for writing this Caroline! X

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    1. You're welcome! Thank you for reading! :)

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  25. I didn't want to sound like a critic, but haven't you said before that:

    a) SPF in moisturizers mess with their high-tech ingredients and render some of the moisturizer's purposes as ineffective?
    and
    b) Load up on Vitamin D if you are diligent on high to very high levels of SPF application and reapplication?

    Just wanted to make certain that I heard it from the Mouth. I'm so pleased that there's finally an SPF cheat sheet! Thanks!

    Mia xx

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    1. A, yes - that's why i don't get my spf from moisturisers.
      B, yes - especially if you are olive or darker skinned.

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  26. Hi Caroline, do you think you need to use a moisturiser in the morning if you have very oily skin? I cleanse then use a Vitamin C serum, then apply Ultraceuticals SPF30 broad spectrum, then makeup. It just seems like a lot of layers for my oil slicked noggin.

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    1. How is your skin? If your skin is happy then thats fine - i would worry you will dehydrate though. Stick on a moisturiser at night to make sure you are covered?

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  27. Firstly ever since I bought the EH cleanser and a never ending supply of flannels a month ago I've been meaning to THANK YOU ever so much. Its made a world of a difference to my skin that was left in a bit of a clogged up state after using Liz Earl CnP..unfortunately it was a no-go for me.
    Secondly I was wondering what the post Liquid gold protocol is when it comes to SPF?
    And lastly I would really really appreciation any suggestions for a daily moisturizer, preferably silicone-free (thats your rule right?..avoid silicones in skincare)
    For reference I have an olive complexion, dry/combo skin that is relatively sensitive and can break out easily, 20 years old.
    Once again thank you for the skin care bible that is 'Beautymouth', although its fueling my procrastination when it comes to exam prep!
    Looking forward to your post on SPF recommendations. You're an absolute star Caroline!

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    1. Hi Sally,

      Well i have to fess up I use silicones now. The texture is just too good. And my skin doesn't mind them. Post Liquid Gold - always use SPF.
      maybe try REN if you want silicone free?

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  28. Thank you for this post Caroline! I love sun and sunbathing too! It is my favorite way to get my vitamin D :) I would really like to know which products you specifically recommend to protect your skin while sunbathing. I have been using a zinc oxide based SPF 16; do you think that it is a good option?

    Thanks again!
    Lilly xx

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    1. Depends on your colour Lilly and where you live!?

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  29. Thoughts on Obagi Nu Derm Sun Shield SPF 50? xx

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    1. It looks good but I would email them and ask them if their new packaging will carry the UVA circle? New regulations kick in in July.

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  30. I love your cheat sheets! I was thinking the same thing about the SPF and reapplying it. So I bought Jane Iredale Powder-Me SPF Dry Sunscreen SPF 30, loose powder which I can carry around and apply anytime over my make up. I'm just a bit worried about the ingridients: Titanium Dioxide (CI 77891) 15%, Mica (CI 77019), Montmorillonite, Boron Nitride, Isopropyl Jojobate, Punica Granatum (Pomegranate) Extract. May Contain: Iron Oxides (CI 77489, CI 77491, CI 77492, CI 77499). You think I'm OK or will it be bad for my skin and it's a waste of money?
    Thank you!

    Maja

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    1. It won't harm your skin but I don't think a powder gives the same protection as liquid personally.

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  31. I´m fair with some freckles and dark hair. Since two years or so I get pigemtation around my eyes at an age of 28 :-(. A vitamin C serum helps me a little bit with the discoloration. But there is the problem with my skin using sunscreen. I really have to exfoliate more than 3 times in the weak and I use an clarosonic (please don´t shout at me) an glycol acid toner and a cleansing masks every now and then. That keeps my skin in an ok condition. I tried sooo many sunscreens...they all write not clogging or greasy...They do clogg my pores. Any recommendations for me?

    Thank you Caroline!

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    Replies
    1. You might be breaking out because you aren't cleansing the SPF off properly. Try one of the newer formulations and see how you go. :)

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  32. Hi Caroline,

    Thank you for this post, I'm really looking forward to your recommendations because this area is literally a minefield! I get myself so confused about whether make-up that has a lower spf than my actual spf will interfere with my actual spf. Pretty please in your recommendations will you maybe mention your thoughts on the alpha H daily moisturiser spf 50 as it says on the website that it is UVA/UVB broad spectrum sunscreen and if this passes the Hirons seal of approval would be a holy grail for my sun sensitive skin that suffers when overloaded with products in the summer :)

    Caroline you are a legend amongst those who really care about their skin, please never stop what your doing or my skin will fall off lol


    x

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    1. Hi Anon,

      We love the Alpha-H SPF50 in our house - its the only moisturiser my husband likes. Proceed! I hope your face doesn't fall off! :(

      Cx

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    2. Oh Hooray! Thank you! I can use my Alpha-H SPF50 without fretting now. I was quite bothered that it wasn't up to snuff, but I love it because it's one of the few that doesn't give me spots. I'm happy now. Mwa!

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  34. THANK YOU Caroline! I follow a fair amount of beauty bloggers when it comes to makeup and skincare, so many don't seem to know what they're talking about when it comes to SPF in products and there is so much bullshitting... Clearly marketing at work. I can always rely on you for good information and realistic advice.

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  35. I was always told to apply SPF(with chemical filters) underneath moisturiser, whereas SPF's with physical filters can go over or under,as to one's preferation. I never understood why it would go underneath moisturiser, as I see SPF like an impenetrable layer over the skin(i.e, the moisturiser wouldn't sink in). What are your thoughts about this?

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    1. On top. Most these days are broad spectrum - they need to go on top. See previous comment.

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  36. Love your posts. Glad you have some recommendations coming because I was wondering if you knew any separate spf's that I can apply on top of my moisturiser instead of it being in my moisturiser.. Ever since you said it being in your moisturiser isn't really that good I have been on the look out for a separate spf I can apply after my moisturiser as I don't really wear a lot of makeup so I can't get the spf from my make up...
    Looking forward to your recommendations :) xx

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  37. Thanks for the cheat sheet, Caroline! Couple of (maybe stupid?) q's - if I use an exfoliating toner and I'm outside for literally 10 minutes on the same day, do I need to apply an SPF? And what about if I used the toner the day before I go out? (I don't get out much as am poorly) x

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    1. Honestly? unless you live on the equator? No. You need the Vit D more - which I hope you are supplementing with by the way? (If you have no medical contra-indications?)

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    2. Thank you :) And yes I am, I read about it on your blog and then a couple of friends of mine were found to be deficient so I went to my doctor and he's given me some vit d :) If I'm out for longer and it's sunny I usually SPF my face/decolletage and let my arms soak up the sun (temperature permitting !). Thanks again Caroline, I love reading your blog x

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  38. I'm looking forward to your SPF reviews.
    I've just purchased the new Estee Lauder Daywear UV Defense SPF 50 - do you have an opinion on this product? There are virtually no reviews online so I'm a bit in the dark on this.
    On the front of the box it says 'multi-protection UV SPF 50' but on the back of the box it uses the words 'advanced broad-spectrum SPF 50' and 'UVA defense'.

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  39. I have dermatitis and slight rosacea on my face and always struggle with the sun and SPF. Have researched k the Internet and found that a mineral sunscreen is recommended. Have you any recommendations?

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  40. What do you think of the Mecca Cosmetics SPF 30+ hydrating facial sunscreen? And is this okay for acne proned skin?

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  41. What an aptly timed post, thank you for taking the time! Any picks for acne-prone, fair redheads? I have been eyeing the Chantecaille Ultra Sun Protection Sunscreen SPF 50, any thoughts?

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  42. I am white, fairly pale, burn easily but also tan to a golden colour if i'm sensible in the sun. I have blue eyes, blonde hair, and i get freckles in the summer. I want to protect my skin thoroughly but i still want to tan a little. Am I in the Medium or High category? Thanks!

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  43. Hello there from Greece!
    Loving your cheat sheets and i'm printing some of them as I write now. Do you have any opinion on the Kiehl's bb cream with spf 50 PA+++? I am currently using it as tinted sunscreen and was wandering whether you've known something regarding this.
    Thank you in advance!

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  44. Hi I use the Ultrasun range & apparently their advice is to use the SPF before anything else & then your skincare. I know youve stated to ut SPF on top but the sales lady said the spf has to bind to the skin. Is she correct?

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  45. Hi Caroline! thank you for this, it was very informative.
    I've always wondered if it's a good idea to apply SPF products over my eye area? usually I apply eye cream morning and night, so should I apply SPF over the eye cream every morning? SPF products always feel too heavy and sticky for my eye area, I'm afraid they'd cause puffiness or reduce the durability of my eye makeup.

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  46. Hi Caroline,

    I just found out about you and it must be fate! My skin is awful at the moment. I am on medication that is making it dry and scaley, which I have never had to deal with before. I am also getting small amount of cystic acne around my jaw and neck.

    I have just staretd using EmerginC Multi vitamin serum at night and during the day I have always just needed an australian product called Invisable zinc daywear could you tell me if this is ok to use for my dehydrated skin, with some breakouts It is factor 30 (australian) (factor 50 elsewhere): Active ingredients
    Zinc Oxide
    Full ingredients
    Water, Zinc Oxide, Isopropyl Myristate, Cyclomethicone, PEG-7 Hydrogenated Castor Oil, Methyl Glucose Dioleate, Styrene/Acrylates Copolymer, Polyethylene, Glycerin, Sodium Chloride, Phenoxyethanol, Caprylyl Glycol, Iron Oxide CI77492, Iron Oxide CI77499, Iron Oxide CI77491

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  48. great advice! I have just started using Emma Hardies cleansing balm, it is amazing, thank you!
    you have recommended some great SPFs but can you please recommend a moisturiser to go underneath. I have been using Ren but it has shea butter in it which you mention can clog the skin. I have combination, quite sensitive skin. what are your thoughts on Avene Hydrance?

    Thank you

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  49. I've just found your blog via pixiewoo and I am so happy I did. Thanks for speaking the truth about beauty - I don't count spf as essential in my moisturiser and I'm an avid cleaning balm lover. Sitting down to read everything you have ever written.

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  50. Great cheat sheet! I tend to pay attention to cleanser, serum and moisturizer only, but not spf. I always wear a hat or shade to cover my face when out in the sun for long. Now I'm seeing this is not enough. And also that spf degrades, meaning it doesn't work at all? I thought that for cosmetics, if color changes, texture different, or rancid smell, then it's bad, but if otherwise, it is still good to use. Wrong philosophy?? So how long can we keep the cosmetics (like cleansers, moisturizers, semi-liquid foundation, powders, eye-shadow colors) for use? sometimes, I don't use it all up. Thank you for your help.

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  51. ty for all of the useful info!

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  52. Great info thanks. I am quite fair skinned and use ROC Soleil Protexion+ Face Anti-Brown Spot Fluid SPF 50+ (wow that's a mouthful!) because it's nice and light on my combination, sensitive, acne prone skin and it sinks in straight away with no white cast or greasy residue. I also use La Roche Posay Toleriane Teint Mineral Compact with SPF25 on top of that as my daytime blotting powder and top-up SPF. Do you have any thoughts on these products? Am I going overboard or do you think this is enough?

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    1. what is the level number of PPD??? .. DOES MAKE YOUR FSCE SHINY???

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  53. Hi Caroline,
    Thanks for your lovely blog! I was wondering what do you think about mineral makeups with SPF, JI for example n an everyday basis, not sunbathing...

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  54. Hi Caroline
    I am new to your blog. I have a question about SPF. But beforehand I will profusely apologise for what a lot of you will think is a stupid question. Here's the thing. I read loads of threads by women who live in the UK who absolutely refuse to leave the house without slathering their face in SPF. I don't really get this and the cynical person in me thinks of my grans and mum who have grown old with lovely skin without doing this. I absolutely agree that if you are a sun worshipper and/ or go on sun beds then you are setting yourself up for seriously damaged skin in the future. I live in Singapore and it is really hot and sunny here, averaging 30-40 degrees daily. I DO NOT go in the sun and wear hats, sunglasses and SPF. I do not sunbathe, but avoid the sun like the plague where possible. Back to my question about living in a cold country. I understand that there are harmful rays from the sun irrespective of where you live, but as stated the cynical person inside me is telling me that this is just another stick the beauty industry uses to send us into panic buying stuff. I moved to Asia 15 years ago and have not really worn much makeup or bought many skin care products whilst there. When I started to recently research beauty blogs, in anticipation for my move back home, I was actually quite taken aback that we have moved from foundation/ concealer and a bit of powder to serum, eye primer, skin primer, foundation, powder etc. etc. I seems to me that nowadays you need 2 hours to get ready to go down the shop! Do we really need all this stuff? - Lyn

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  55. Hello Caroline,
    I am writing to you with Polish :-)) great post. You gave such a regime recommends SkinCeuticals. For me, however, is too much. How do I apply a serum, moisturizer and it still cream with UV protection that I feel that my skin is not breathing (it is mixed into the oily). And on top of glory to those who are able to find enough time in the morning to turn impose these preparations plus makeup.
    I greet you cordially. You are a treasure trove of knowledge and I am delighted that you found :-)))
    Aja

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  56. Hi,

    I have a question about SPFs and I hope you can help me. I have sensitive skin, and sometimes when I try new products I come out in a rash - this usually occurs when I use certain sun creams (but not all) and certain moisturisers that contain SPF (but again not all products containing SPF give me this reaction). This doesn't only happen on my face, but since being aware of this problem I test products containing on my wrist or hand and I get the rashes there too! I think it is probably an ingredient in certain SPFs but not others and I was wondering if you know anything about what it could be so I can look out for it in future.

    Thank you :)

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  57. SPF isn't only about preventing discoloration of the skin-- it also prevents breakdown of collagen, which prevents skin sagging. It really is important to note that because having naturally more pigmented skin should not give someone a false sense of security.

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  58. Hello Caroline, I am desperately in need for a SPF for daily use, BUT, I have an acne prone skin, so not all of them out here will do. I need your knowledge, once again, please help me and give me some guidelines for which kind of SPF to buy, that is not "heavy"= too greasy, (will clog my pores..) that doesn't give me white cast all over my face, and that does not contain bad stuff (but that's a given ;-)). Please please ....I tried to look in your column on the right, but not sure where to look if not SPF...THANKS!

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  59. Caroline, what to do when sundamage is already done? ie. when I come back from a "sun hidden" Sunday out and realise I look like a shrimp? :) what should we do to help my skin heal and if possible help it to not remember such day? LOL. :)

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