Are you DRY or DEHYDRATED? (or both!)
Dry and dehydrated skins have similar characteristics, but different underlying reasons.
Dry Skin - normally a skin type but can be a temporary skin condition
- caused by lack of oil in the skin
- small pores
- 'tight' feeling
- may be flaky
- milia, blackheads and spots may still be present
- skin looks dull
- skin is not plump
- doesn't absorb products easily
- easily irritated - more likely to suffer reactions to products
- aggravated by poor skincare
Dehydrated Skin - is a skin condition affecting any skin type - including DRY
- caused by lack of water in the skin
- pores can be large or small
- skin feels tight and dry although it can confusingly sometimes look oily and have breakouts
- absorbs moisturisers really quickly
- blackheads and spots are still visible
- makeup disappears (and goes patchy) throughout the day as the skin is absorbing any water in your foundation
- skin looks 'ashen'
- aggravated by lifestyle circumstances - may suffer from a lot of headaches
Skin is made up of 70% water - around 20-30% of that is in the epidermis (top layer of the skin). In normal circumstances, your hydrolipidic film acts as a regulator and barrier - retaining moisture and protecting against germs. If - for whatever reason that is compromised, the moisture in the epidermis evaporates too quickly and the normal, healthy state of the skin is compromised.
The reality is that most of us at one time or another - but ESPECIALLY at this time of the year - are dehydrated.
Any and all of the following can cause dehydration - standby!:
- Environment - wind, cold air, dry air, too much sun, air conditioning, central heating
- Diet - the wrong foods, alcohol, caffeine, not eating enough water-heavy foods, not drinking enough
- Lifestyle - stress (hello?!), poor skincare routine, using the wrong products, medication - including birth control, smoking
- Genetics - monthly cycle, pregnancy
Do and Do Not:
- Do upgrade your moisturiser to something suitable for dry skin if you recognise the signs - go for products using the words 'nourishing'
- Do change your moisturiser to something labelled 'hydra' or 'hydrating' if you suspect you are dehydrated
- Make sure you are not using products that are too harsh or too stripping for either
- Do steer clear of foaming anything - keep the bubbles for your dishes
- Do use balms, oils and serums for dry
- Do use milks, specified oils and treatments for dehydrated
- Do stay away from mineral oils, silicones (in skincare - not makeup), lanolins and synthetic fragrance which will make a dehydrated skin worse and make a dry skin scream for help